Ask me a question

May 31, 2007

Jim Protzman comments in another thread:

“Hi Gerry.  I’ve received a dozen or so emails with questions about what happens now with the budget . . . and I don’t have any good answers.  Would you be willing to do a live-blogging session at BlueNC sometime (soon?) to help us citizens understand what the process looks like, who’s on first, etc?”

I’ll take under advisement doing any live blogging, but for now, feel free to ask me any questions about the legislative process by posting your question as a comment in this thread.  I’ll either reply in the comments myself, or do a new post to answer the question if it merits in-depth treatment.


We’ve got provisions

May 31, 2007

A special provision in North Carolina usage is a section of text in the appropriations act explaining or limiting appropriations, amending statutes to conform to fiscal changes, amending statutes in a substantive way, or setting out total amounts appropriated.

An analysis of the House passed budget (HB1473-5th edition) and the Senate passed budget (HB1473-8th edition) shows a total of 404 provisions.  Of those, 163 are identical in both bills, 121 appear in both bills but are different, 67 appear only in the Senate version, and 53 appear only in the House version.


NC Budget enactment timelines 1961-2007

May 31, 2007

The North Carolina Legislative Library has a document called Budget History 1961-2006.  I’ve synposized the information to cover only long session (odd-numbered years) and added 2007.

This year the budget cleared the House and Senate (and headed to conference) on May 31, 2007. The only earlier dates were 2003 (April 30), 1973 (May 16), 1995 (May 18), 1993 (May 28), and 1963 and 1979 (May 30).  Latest dates were August 1 (1989) and August 6 (1987).

Budgets were enacted into law before July 1 in the following long sessions :  1973 (May 16), 1963 (June 5), 1979 (June 7), 1965 (June 10), 1961 (June 15), 1969 (June 16), 1975 and 1995 (June 26), 1985 (June 27), 1977 (June 29), and 1971, 1999, and 2003 (June 30). Latest enactment was September 26, 2001. (an after-June 30 enactment involved passing a stop-gap bill)

Below are the long session dates:

Year Bill S.L. Intro. Passed House Passed Senate Presented to Gov. Enacted
2007 H1473  — 12-Apr-2007 11-May-2007 31-May-2007        —–     —–
2005 SB622 276 16-Mar-2005 16-Jun-2005 5-May-2005 11-Aug-2005 13-Aug-2005
2003 HB 397 284 10-Mar-2003 17-Apr-2003 30-Apr-2003 30-Jun-2003 30-Jun-2003
2001 SB 1005 424 5-Apr-2001 28-Jun-2001 31-May-2001 21-Sep-2001 26-Sep-2001
1999 HB 168 237 1-Mar-1999 2-Jun-1999 17-Jun-1999 30-Jun-1999 30-Jun-1999
1997 SB 352 443 10-Mar-1997 5-Jun-1997 23-Apr-1997 28-Aug-1997 28-Aug-1997
1995 HB 229 324 21-Feb-1995 3-May-1995 18-May-1995 pre-veto 26-Jun-1995
1993 SB 27 321 1-Feb-1993 28-May-1993 13-May-1993 pre-veto 9-Jul-1993
1991 HB 83 689 18-Feb-1991 7-Jun-1991 13-Jun-1991 pre-veto 13-Jul-1991
1989 SB 44 752 23-Jan-1989 1-Aug-1989 28-Jun-1989 pre-veto 10-Aug-1989
1987 HB 1514 738 21-May-1987 5-Aug-1987 6-Aug-1987 pre-veto 7-Aug-1987
1985 SB 1 479 5-Feb-1985 25-Jun-1985 25-Jun-1985 pre-veto 27-Jun-1985
1983 SB 23 761 20-Jan-1983 13-Jul-1983 13-Jul-1983 pre-veto 15-Jul-1983
1981 SB 29 859 22-Jan-1981 3-Jul-1981 29-Jun-1981 pre-veto 8-Jul-1981
1979 SB 124 838 19-Jan-1979 30-May-1979 25-May-1979 pre-veto 7-Jun-1979
1977 SB16 802 18-Jan-1977 21-Jun-1977 20-Jun-1977 pre-veto 29-Jun-1977
1975 SB45 875 24-Jan-1975 16-Jun-1975 13-Jun-1975 pre-veto 26-Jun-1975
1973 HB50 533 17-Jan-1973 15-May-1973 16-May-1973 pre-veto 16-May-1973
1971 SB33 708 21-Jan-1971 29-Jun-1971 25-Jun-1971 pre-veto 30-Jun-1971
1969 HB20 807 21-Jan-1969 6-Jun-1969 9-Jun-1969 pre-veto 16-Jun-1969
1967 SB19 1107 14-Feb-1967 28-Jun-1967 28-Jun-1967 pre-veto 4-Jul-1967
1965 HB12 914 3-Feb-1965 3-Jun-1965 3-Jun-1965 pre-veto 10-Jun-1965
1963 SB13 683 8-Feb-1963 30-May-1963 28-May-1963 pre-veto 5-Jun-1963
1961 HB10 833 9-Feb-1961 8-Jun-1961 13-Jun-1961 pre-veto 15-Jun-1961

Senate and House budget bills

May 31, 2007

The Senate and House have each passed their versions of the 2007-2009 North Carolina state budget, House Bill 1473

SENATE VERSION

NewHouse Bill 1473, 8th edition 5/31/2007. Budget bill as it passed the Senate 5/31/2007, incorporates floor amendments adopted 5/30/2007 (PDF Document 1125 KB) Index

 COMING — REVISED SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE REPORT COVERING EIGHTH EDITION

LATEST AVAILABLE COMMITTEE REPORT:Senate Appropriations Committee Report on House Bill 1473, May 30, 2007 (PDF Document 561KB), covers 7th edition

 HOUSE VERSION

  • House Bill 1473, 5th Edition, as passed by House of Representatives May 11, 2007 (PDF Document 936 KB) Index

  • House Appropriations Committee Report on House Bill 1473 (incorporates all changes for 4th and 5th editions), May 9, 2007 (PDF Document 534 KB)


  • Crossover list posted !

    May 30, 2007

    North Carolina General Assembly Research Division staff have prepared a crossover list, showing all bills that passed on house by the May 24, 2007 deadline for non-money bills to pass one house. This list does not include appropriations and revenue measures exempt from the crossover deadline, unless such a measure has passed from one chamber to the other by May 24, 2007. Individual analysis of the particular measure not “crossing over” is necessary to determine whether it is subject to the crossover deadline.


    Senate budget draft as approved by committee

    May 29, 2007

    2007-2009 Senate State budget approved by Appropriations, Pensions & Retirement and Finance Committees

    The Senate budget committee substitute approved May 29, 2007 has been posted on the web. (1178 Kb  .pdf file) This version incorporates the amendments adopted in the Appropriations and Finance Committee on May 29, 2007. It is 272 pages long. 

    Index (Table of contents) added 

    The bill index (table of contents) is here.

    Committee report (money document)

    NewSenate Appropriations Committee Report on House Bill 1473, May 30, 2007 (PDF Document 561KB)

    The full bill status page is here.

    Full coverage of budget documents in the 2007 General Assembly is archived here.


    Senate budget draft released

    May 29, 2007

    Proposed 2007-2009 Senate State budget draft and committee report released 

    The proposed Senate budget committee substitute and committee report hve been posted on the web.  The bill is 272 pages long. The bill will not be available in the bill status system until after the first committee to consider it reports it out.

    Here is how the links appear on the main page of our website:

    Budget Bill: 

    New – Proposed 2007 Appropriations Act (House Bill 1473  Senate Proposed Committee Substitute) for Senate committee action, released May 29, 2007 (.PDF Document 1178 KB)

    Index to budget bill (actually a table of contents) (.PDF Document 79 KB)

    Committee report: 

    NewSenate Appropriations Committee Report on House Bill 1473, May 29, 2007 (.PDF document 575KB). This document outlines the budget, including details of changes from the Governor’s proposed budget contained in the Senate budget.

     Full coverage of budget documents in the 2007 General Assembly is archived here.


    What hath crossover wrought – speed weeks stats

    May 25, 2007

    281 bills passed first house during crossover 

    Courtesy of a data dump from our bill status system,  stats on the two weeks of crossover (sort of like the two speed weeks just finishing up in Charlotte) show that 281 bills passed their first house during that period (157 in the House, 124 in the Senate)

    Day by day in each house

    House bills that passed 3rd reading in the House:

    Date                # Passed 3rd Reading ————         ———————–

    May 14 2007      12

    May 15 2007      30

    May 16 2007      23

    May 17 2007        5

    May 21 2007      20

    May 22 2007      12

    May 23 2007      28

    May 24 2007      27

    Senate bills that passed 3rd reading in the Senate:

    Date            # Passed 3rd Reading

    ———— ———————–

    May 14 2007           17

    May 15 2007           10

    May 16 2007           13

    May 17 2007           18

    May 21 2007             9

    May 22 2007             8

    May 23 2007            33

    May 24 2007            16


    Crossover was actually a reform !

    May 25, 2007

    Crossover was initiated in North Carolina General Assembly in the 1987 session because members, lobbyists, the press and the public were tired of huge quantities of legislation being rushed through BOTH houses the last two or three days of the session without any real study in either chamber. The idea was that by requiring most bills to pass one house earlier, most of the ideas would be out there in the public light for a month or two before getting action in the second chamber. 

    While the last week of session is still wild, and there are still a lot of bills that short-circuit crossover by one means or another (see Mitch Kokai’s post), crossover actually had the effect of reducing a lot of the frenzied action that used to go on at the end of the session.

    See my longer discussion of crossover.


    word of the day: Crossover (FAQ)

    May 24, 2007

    cross·o·ver [kraws-oh-ver, kros-]

    “The point at which all bills that don’t raise or spend money would have to pass one house or the other” (Binker, Capital Beat, May 13, 2007)

    Crossover day at the North Carolina General Assembly was today, May 24, 2007.

     Some common misconceptions and truths:

     1) A bill has to pass by May 24, 2007, or have had a tax, fee, or appropriation in it by May 24, 2007 in order to remain eligible.  MYTH.  The test is not what was in the bill today, but what is in the bill the day that it passes the first house.

     2) If a bill is in the appropriations or finance committee today, it is exempt from crossover. MYTH.  Crossover exempt bills under the House and Senate rules are those that are REQUIRED by the rules to be referred to one or the other of those committees. Just being in one of those committees does not mean the bill was required to be there.

    3) As long as the bill “had money in it” by today, it can pass the first house later without those provisions. MYTH. The test is not what was in the bill today, but what is in the bill the day that it passes the first house.

    4) Even if a bill does not have a tax, fee, or appropriation in it today, it can have one added by amendment between now and adjournment and regain eligibility. TRUE.

    5) There is a list of bills not subject to crossover. The bill simply needs to be on that list. MYTH. Who would have time to make up such a list? Perhaps it is hidden in the Great Pumpkin? It is true that the General Assembly staff makes up a list between the long and short sessions of what bills have met the crossover deadline, but that list is simply a list of bills that have passed one house.  The last list was issued in 2005. It is not a list of bills yet to pass one house that are still eligible until we adjourn over to 2008.

    UPDATE 5/30/2007: The Research Division has posted a crossover list. This list does not include appropriations and revenue measures exempt from the crossover deadline, unless such a measure has passed from one chamber to the other by May 24, 2007. Individual analysis of the particular measure not “crossing over” is necessary to determine whether it is subject to the crossover deadline.

    Stats on the 281 bills that passed one house during crossover are here.

    Also see my post on how crossover was actually instituted in 1987 as a process reform measure.

    =======================

    2007 North Carolina Senate Rules:

    RULE 41. Crossover bill deadline. – In order to be eligible for consideration by the Senate during the 2007 or 2008 Regular Sessions of the  2007 General Assembly, all House bills other than those required to be referred to the Committee on Finance or the Committee on Appropriations/Base Budget by Rule 42 or adjournment resolutions must be received and read on the floor of the Senate as a message from the House no later than  Thursday, May 24*, 2007 …” 

    2007 North Carolina House Rules, as amended

    Rule 31.1(d) (d)       In order to be eligible for consideration by the House during the first Regular Session, all Senate bills other than finance or appropriations bills which would be required to be re‑referred to the Appropriations or Finance Committee under Rule 38 or adjournment resolutions must be received and read on the floor of the House as a message from the Senate no later than Thursday, May 24, 2007 …”

    *changed from May 17 under suspension of the rules


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